The Respect for An Ambassador who portrayed ‘Turkish’ Ways of Life: Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq’s “the Turkish Letters” is a substantial document that presents important insights through the sixteenth century of the Ottoman world. Ferdinand I, the Habsburg Emperor, appoints Busbecq as the ambassador in Istanbul for some eight years to solve […]
What do you think of the Middle Ages? Durable castles, armored cavalry, the feudal structure where the feudal lords hold the summit, and the oppressed peasants, as well as the dominance of the pope’s scholastic thought, can be piled on your head.
Beyond the Alps, beyond the sea, are other peoples, now fighting, or preparing to fight, the holy fight of independence, of nationality, of liberty; other peoples striving by different routes to reach the same goal. Unite with them and they will unite with you. Giuseppe Mazzini This paper is written for HIST 242 (The History […]
This paper is written for HIST 241 (The History of Early Modern Europe) class for Prof. Peter Robert Campbell. He wrote a wide range of articles about the Early Modern French History. He also published a variety of books like Louis XIV (1661-1715) in 1993 and Power and Politics in Old Regime France (1720-1745) in 1996. […]