The investigation of two battles in the Hundred Years War by understanding the military culture and socio-political language of the Medieval Age

On the whole, Campaigns of Crécy and Agincourt in the Hundred Years’ War can be considered as crucial milestones in terms of political, military, and cultural aspects.

Tanpınar’s War of Independence: An Influential Turkish Writer’s Novel on Occupied Istanbul

“We were perhaps weak; but in the middle of an unarmed city, they were ridiculous with their seriousness. ” I wrote this small inquiry at the high-school in 2014 for the Turkish Literature lesson’s research book review. Today, without changing anything, I translated it into English. From that time, my life has enormously been changed and I experienced various matters …

The Multiple Functions of Gift-Giving in the Ottoman World at the time of Suleiman the Magnificent

The Respect for An Ambassador who portrayed ‘Turkish’ Ways of Life: Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq’s “the Turkish Letters” is a substantial document that presents important insights through the sixteenth century of the Ottoman world. Ferdinand I, the Habsburg Emperor, appoints Busbecq as the ambassador in Istanbul for some eight years to solve tensions between the Habsburgs and …

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